Electric Scooter Parts: Tips and Buying Guide
Knowing all the important electric scooter parts can be a bit difficult. Not only are there a handful of them, but they also vary based on the make and model of your electric scooter.
Getting familiarized with its many different parts means that you will not get lost when trying to troubleshoot minor issues on your own. For that, we’ve got your back.
Here, we are going to help you have a good grasp on these parts. At the same time, we will discuss what type of parts are best to buy in the event that you need replacements.
Electric Scooter Parts: The Basics
The parts of an electric scooter are different in such a way that everything was made to be installed easily. In fact, some parts just simply slide into one another even without the use of tools. In the event that you do need to use tools, you do not have to be a handyman to assemble it properly.
Electric scooters are made up of pre-fabricated parts. These parts almost always come with assembly instructions, so all you have to do is to make sure that you follow them to the T.
Electric Scooter Hub Motor
The hub motor is the heart of every electric scooter. It is responsible for the top speed, revving, power, climbing capabilities, and many more.
The basic ones boast enough power measured between 12 volts and 48 volts, and these are good for everyday use. There are also motors that were made for off-road activities, and these usually have 1000 watts to 2000 watts of power.
If you just need to replace a broken hub motor, all you need to do is to buy the same one as the previous motor that you had. If you are after an upgrade, then you would want to purchase a stronger one that has similar specifications.
Aside from those, you also have to make sure that the frame of the e-scooter can handle the strength of the new hub motor.
Electric Scooter Wheels and Tires
We really cannot say anything exact for the wheels and tires because they vary based on your electric scooter. The rule of thumb, though, is that the stronger the motor, the bigger the wheels should be.
For regular electric scooters, the wheels are usually between five and 10 inches. As for the ones designed for off-road riding, the range is between 10 and 15 inches or higher.
The good thing is wheel replacement is straightforward. Releasing and attaching it are also very easy. On the other hand, if you are still not sure about what wheel to purchase, you can go safe and just buy a kit. It might be more expensive, but at the very least, you would know that all of the parts are compatible with each other.
In terms of the size, 200 x 50 usually fits a lot of e-scooter types. Keep in mind that you can choose between a solid or inflated one. Solid tires are small while inflated tires are big.
When you have small tires, it can be a bit hard to maneuver, and the ride can be bumpy. On the other hand, bigger tires pave the way for a more comfortable ride. Moreover, they can handle slightly faster speeds and steeper inclines.
Controllers and Throttle
In general, there are two types of throttles, and these are single-speed and specialty throttles. For the single-speed throttle, you simply have to turn it on and off, and it will maintain a variable speed. As for the specialty throttle, you can change speeds as they usually use a potentiometer that has 5K ohms.
The controllers are the ones that control and regulate the speed of your electric motor. What you have to remember is that in getting speed controllers, you have to base them on the voltage of the battery, motor power, and the maximum current that your electric scooter can handle.
It is also good to have a limiting feature on the controllers as this prevents future motor damage. In this way, the battery life can be extended because it can prevent over discharge effectively.
Electric Scooter Battery
There are different types of batteries used in electric scooters, but for you to be sure of what to get, you can always check the voltage in your electric scooter manual. The usual ones are 48V, 36V, and 24V.
Using it is also extremely easy, you just have to plug the battery to the electric scooter before plugging it in on a wall outlet.
When proper care and maintenance is done, a battery charger can last for up to two to three years. For proper maintenance, make sure that the electric scooter has cooled down before charging. You should also not overcharge it.
Keep in mind that electric scooters that have rear and front brakes have the best braking capability. Although, this does not necessarily mean that those with only one brake are not good. It just simply means that it will brake slower than the usual.
Before every ride, regardless if it’s just a short trip or a long one, you should always check if the brake cables are intact and that the brakes themselves are properly lubricated. Sizing is also not a problem because they are universal, and you can always cut them to your liking.
Brake levers are also important because these connect the cable to all of the operations. Therefore, you should not get one that is shorter or longer than the cables. There are also many materials to choose from, depending on what works best for you when reparing your electric scooter.
Electric Scooter Chargers
These are essential for any scooter user. A scooter will often come with chargers straight out of the box, but like any other device, this accessory is prone to breakage. It can be quite helpful to have a spare charger ready in the case of such an occurrence.
When looking to replace a charger, one has to make sure it is compatible with the scooter. Various scooters utilize batteries with different power requirements such as voltage with some accommodating a single wattage while others are more versatile, supporting a range like 36V, 48V, and 52V.
As different as the batteries are, some chargers will be more suited to charge lithium-ion batteries as opposed to lead-acid batteries. It is important for people to look at these factors for consideration when picking out a scooter charger.
The port by which these scooters are charged should also be considered. This helps avoid buying products that are not compatible with the ports.
Electric Scooter Accessories
Bag and Basket
Scooter bags come in many forms, as the market will usually cater to the demands of the consumers. The small bag could be strapped under the seat or on the handlebars. It is useful for storing phones, wallets, and essentials like repair tools.
Baskets are also affordable and can be mounted on the scooter. They can be used for shopping and for improved safety of your goods. Just be sure to get one that comes with a lid.
Headlights and Taillights
Lights for any vehicle using the road are absolutely essential. They not only add to the utility of the scooter but also ensure the rides are a lot safer. Being able to see your surroundings clearly is not only safe for you but also for other road users.
There are options available in the types of light the scooter can accommodate. Since a scooter draws power from a battery, it is better to opt for low consumption lights.
For this purpose, LED lighting serves best as opposed to incandescent lighting, which draws more power, although it offers yellow light that is more accommodating to the eyes.
Electric Scooter Storage Bag
These bags are very versatile, as most of them can be used as a backpack or affixed to the scooter itself.
They also have a relatively large capacity that allows the scooter to carry a lot more than just the essentials. You can also use it to carry repair tools and even an emergency kit.
Control modules are essential as, without one, the electric scooter has next to no utility. They can get damaged, thus necessitating a replacement.
Since there are many scooter brands out there, it is vital to ensure the scooter is compatible with the control module to be purchased.
Compatibility should be a frame in the voltage used, as some scooters vary with the power they can accommodate. It can also be framed in the number of connectors as those also tend to vary.
Electric Scooter Seat Attachment
Since the scooter is a travel tool, comfort while commuting should be a priority. As such, a good scooter seat should be a standard for any scooter user.
There are varieties offered in the scooter seat attachment market. The scooter seat can allow for an extra passenger. Depending on the age of the passenger, a priority should be kept on the safety of the scooter users. Kids should get seat attachments that improve their safety during rides.
Convenience should also factor into your decision-making. This makes the difference over how much you can customize the seat to suit your needs.
Electric Scooter Carry Strap/Shoulder Strap
For many people, the appeal of an electric scooter is mobility. For this reason, a lot of people make an investment in a good carry strap. This strap helps you carry your scooter through places you can't ride it or in the event of a breakdown.
It also serves as an excellent addition for those who may be taking trains as part of their commute, since you can carry it with you during that part of the journey.
When buying a carry strap, adjustability is essential as it should be comfortable to move around. The construction quality should also be a factor as it determines the likelihood of damage and the life of the strap.
Those are the e-scooter parts that you have to know in order for you to buy proper replacement parts. Remember, the sizes or power may change from one model to the next, but as long as you stay within the default capability of your electric scooter, you are assured that you purchased the right parts.
Aside from being able to buy replacement parts, once you master these basic components, it will also be easier for you to upgrade your electric scooter. Exciting, isn’t it?