Electric Scooter Parts: Tips and Buying Guide
Knowing all the important electric scooter parts can be a bit difficult. Not only are there a handful of them, but they also vary based on the make and model of your electric scooter.
Getting familiarized with its many different parts means that you will not get lost when trying to troubleshoot minor issues on your own. For that, we’ve got your back.
Here, we are going to help you have a good grasp on these parts. At the same time, we will discuss what type of parts are best to buy in the event that you need replacements.
Electric Scooter Parts: The Basics
The parts of an electric scooter are different in such a way that everything was made to be installed easily. In fact, some parts just simply slide into one another even without the use of tools. In the event that you do need to use tools, you do not have to be a handyman to assemble it properly.
Electric scooters are made up of pre-fabricated parts. These parts almost always come with assembly instructions, so all you have to do is to make sure that you follow them to the T.
The hub motor is the heart of every electric scooter. It is responsible for the top speed, revving, power, climbing capabilities, and many more.
The basic ones boast enough power measured between 12 volts and 48 volts, and these are good for everyday use. There are also motors that were made for off-road activities, and these usually have 1000 watts to 2000 watts of power.
If you just need to replace a broken hub motor, all you need to do is to buy the same one as the previous motor that you had. If you are after an upgrade, then you would want to purchase a stronger one that has similar specifications.
Aside from those, you also have to make sure that the frame of the electric scooter can handle the strength of the new hub motor.
Wheels and Tires
We really cannot say anything exact for the wheels and tires because they vary based on your electric scooter. The rule of thumb, though, is that the stronger the motor, the bigger the wheels should be.
For regular electric scooters, the wheels are usually between five and 10 inches. As for the ones designed for off-road riding, the range is between 10 and 15 inches or higher.
The good thing is wheel replacement is straightforward. Releasing and attaching it are also very easy. On the other hand, if you are still not sure about what wheel to purchase, you can go safe and just buy a kit. It might be more expensive, but at the very least, you would know that all of the parts are compatible with each other.
In terms of the size, 200 x 50 usually fits a lot of electric scooter types. Keep in mind that you can choose between a solid or inflated one. Solid tires are small while inflated tires are big.
When you have small tires, it can be a bit hard to maneuver, and the ride can be bumpy. On the other hand, bigger tires pave the way for a more comfortable ride. Moreover, they can handle slightly faster speeds and steeper inclines.
Controllers and Throttle
In general, there are two types of throttles, and these are single-speed and specialty throttles. For the single-speed throttle, you simply have to turn it on and off, and it will maintain a variable speed. As for the specialty throttle, you can change speeds as they usually use a potentiometer that has 5K ohms.
The controllers are the ones that control and regulate the speed of your electric motor. What you have to remember is that in getting speed controllers, you have to base them on the voltage of the battery, motor power, and the maximum current that your electric scooter can handle.
It is also good to have a limiting feature on the controllers as this prevents future motor damage. In this way, the battery life can be extended because it can prevent over discharge effectively.
There are different types of batteries used in electric scooters, but for you to be sure of what to get, you can always check the voltage in your electric scooter manual. The usual ones are 48V, 36V, and 24V.
Using it is also extremely easy, you just have to plug the battery to the electric scooter before plugging it in on a wall outlet.
When proper care and maintenance is done, a battery charger can last for up to two to three years. For proper maintenance, make sure that the electric scooter has cooled down before charging. You should also not overcharge it.
Keep in mind that electric scooters that have rear and front brakes have the best braking capability. Although, this does not necessarily mean that those with only one brake are not good. It just simply means that it will brake slower than the usual.
Before every ride, regardless if it’s just a short trip or a long one, you should always check if the brake cables are intact and that the brakes themselves are properly lubricated. Sizing is also not a problem because they are universal, and you can always cut them to your liking.
Brake levers are also important because these connect the cable to all of the operations. Therefore, you should not get one that is shorter or longer than the cables. There are also many materials to choose from, depending on what works best for you.
Those are the electric scooter parts that you have to know in order for you to buy proper replacement parts. Remember, the sizes or power may change from one model to the next, but as long as you stay within the default capability of your electric scooter, you are assured that you purchased the right parts.
Aside from being able to buy replacement parts, once you master these basic components, it will also be easier for you to upgrade your electric scooter. Exciting, isn’t it?